Ink-Slinger Profiles: Charles Forbell

Charles Henry Forbell was born in Brooklyn, New York on September 11, 1885, according to his World War II draft card. In the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, he was the oldest of four children born to Charles and Margaret. He lived in Brooklyn at 408 Warwick Street. His father was a letter carrier. The 1930 census said he married at age 24, which would have been from late 1909 to early 1910.

In the 1910 census (enumerated in late April) he and Elsie lived in Queens, New York at 129 Napier Avenue. (Today the street name is either 108 or 109 Avenue in the Richmond Hill area.) He was an advertising artist. Photos of him can be viewed here. said, “…Charles Forbell created the comic ‘Naughty Pete’, which appeared in magazine Judge from 1910 until the late 1930s. Apart from doing newspaper comics, Charles Forbell did much commercial work. One of his most prominent productions was ‘Mr. Peanut’, the Planters Peanut Symbol that is familiar around the world (although he did not create it, he was asked to do the design on it)….”

Forbell and his wife had a six-year-old son as recorded in the 1920 census. They resided in Queens at “First Street (214 Street).” His occupation was artist. In this decade he produced strips such as Soosie the Shopper and Cuddles. Ten years later the family lived at 218 Park Lane in Queens (the Douglaston and Little Neck area). He was a magazine artist and cartoonist.

He signed his World War II draft card on April 27, 1942. His home was in Bayside, Queens at 42-01 220 Place. He was self-employed, with an office at 274 Madison Avenue in Manhattan. His description was 5 feet, 8 inches, 143 pounds, brown eyes and gray hair. Forbell passed away at home on April 15, 1946. The Brooklyn Eagle reported his death the next day.

Charles Forbell, Noted Cartoonist

Charles H. Forbell, 60, cartoonist who began his art career as a staff artist on the old New York World after he was graduated from Pratt Institute, died yesterday at his home, 42-01 220th Place, Bayside, after a short illness. For the last 30 years he was cartoonist for the Rogers Peet Company, his sprightly sketches heading the newspaper advertisements of that concern.

Years ago, in the old Life Magazine, he had a series of cartoons entitled, “In Ye Goode Old Days.” The cartoons were a medieval satire of the doings of knights in armor. This same idea was continued by Judge in full page style under the caption, “In Ancient Times.” He also had a series of cartoons in Judge called “Ancient Sources of Modern Inventions.”

For many years he was cartoonist for the Aetna Casualty and Surety Company of Hartford, Conn., and contributed drawings to the advertising sent out by the Central Savings Bank of New York.

Surviving are his wife, Mrs. Elsie Knapp Forbell; a son, Richard C.; his father, Charles Forbell of Brooklyn, and three sisters, Mrs. Wilson A. Higgins, Mrs. Maude Raymonde and Mrs. William Lyons.

Funeral services will be held at 8 p.m. tomorrow at the Fairfield Chapel, 141-26 Northern Boulevard, Flushing.

Ink-Slinger Profiles: Jack McGuire

Jack Whiting McGuire was born in Pensacola, Florida on September 13, 1905, according to an January 1, 1946 obituary in the Dallas Morning News (Texas). In the 1910 U.S. Federal Census, he was the second of four children born to John and Blanche. They lived in San Antonio, Texas at 415 Burleson. His father was a machinist at a railroad shop. Some time later his parents divorced according to the next census.

In 1920, the McGuires lived in Pensacola, Florida at 822 East Gadsden Street. His father was a machinist at a shipyard. The Dallas Morning Star said, “He came to San Antonio in 1922, and in 1925 was graduated from old Main Avenue High School. He attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Chicago, University of Texas and St. Mary’s University.” On May 3, 1925, the San Antonio Express said McGuire was the art editor of the Main Avenue yearbook El Sombrero. The June 27, 1926, Express article, “San Antonio Boys Aspire to Be Great Cartoonists; Talent Shown at Earl[y] Age” said:

McGuire to Attend Academy

Main Avenue High still “points with pride” to Jack McGuire as its leading artistic asset, although he has been out of school for two years past. Since leaving school he has done drawing and lettering for various firms and at present is employed in the art department of an engraving company. He insists that he has had no training at all so far, as, in school, they didn’t teach what he wanted to study in the way of drawing. He won a big poster contest in Main Avenue however, with three cartoons. He will go to the Academy of Fine Arts in Chicago in the fall. His home is at 309 Abiso Avenue.

The Morning News said, “In 1927 the artist established his own school of commercial art, first and largest such school in the Southwest. He maintained it until 1942.”

The 1930 census recorded McGuire and his wife Loarin (recorded spelling) in San Antonio at 1610 Rosewood. He married when he was 23. His occupation was commercial artist at an engraving company. According to the January 21, 1932 San Antonio Express, he taught life drawing classes at the San Antonio Public Night School. The Morning News said, “…McGuire created [sic: drew] the Jane Arden comic strip in 1932. He drew this strip for approximately six years.” The Express reported on July 28, 1935:

The Commercial Art School, under the personal direction of Jack W. McGuire, has enjoyed eight years of continued art classes for the art students of South Texas. It has helped place dozens of students in the advertising art services and engraving plants in San Antonio and other Texas cities….

…Cartooning under Mr. McGuire, who drew the Sunday comic strip “Jane Arden,” and now collaborates with John Welch on the cowboy strip, “Bullet Benton” which runs daily in the San Antonio Express, offers every boy or girl who is interested in comic illustration a chance to develop and produce professional work of their own….

…The services of G.L. [George Lee] Reynolds and T.C. [Thomas Connally, his younger brother] McGuire have been added as instructors. Both are well known in their respective fields of commercial advertising.

The San Antonio Light reported, on August 10, 1935, McGuire was “in the East to place a comic strip with one of the national syndicates. He will drop around to renew acquaintances with Norman Rockwell and Russell Patterson before he returns.” The McGuire brothers and Lee had an entry in the Catalog of Copyright Entries, Part 4, Works of Art, etc. 1936 New Series, Volume 31, Number 1

McGuire (Jack Whiting), McGuire (Thomas Connally) & Reynold (George Lee)* 360362
Photofunny album, 1-3. © 1 c. each Dec. 26, 1935 ; G 22062-22064.

He was profiled in the San Antonio Light on July 30, 1938.

Comic Drawn by S.A. Artist

A cartoonist, like a prophet, sometimes is without honor in his own country.

So, at least, finds Jack McGuire, 2424 Broadway, who draws a syndicated comic strip called “Bullet Benton,” an adventurous son of the West.

“Bullet” does his stuff daily in but two Texas papers, while he enjoys wide circulation in the New England states and on the West coast, and even is translated into French for Canada and Spanish for Mexico.

Jack has been drawing “Bullet” for about four years now, and has come to the point where he knows the character rather well.

Jack, however, merely draws the strip, for the continuity is written by John Welsh [sic], who lives in Evanston, Ind.

McGuire doesn’t even know how many papers actually do carry the strip, for that is all handled through the syndicating firm in Des Monies, Iowa.

But right now Jack has “Bullet” in a big New York rodeo, and he’s doing right well, too.

McGuire passed away on December 30, 1945, in San Antonio. Two days later the San Antonio Light reported his death.

Rites Set for Jack McGuire

Funeral services for Jack Whiting McGuire, 40, nationally known comic strip artist of 301 Lamont avenue, will be held at Porter Loring chapel at 4 p.m. Tuesday.

McGuire died in Nix hospital Sunday night after an illness of one month.

Reverend Kermit Gibbons will officiate at the funeral.

Ink-Slinger Profiles: Ralph B. Fuller

Ralph Briggs Fuller was born in Capac, Michigan on March 9, 1890, according to his World War I and II draft cards. The Art of the Comic Strip (1971), Who’s Who in American Art (1938), and World Encyclopedia of Comics (1983) said he was born in Michigan. Wikipedia said he was born in Boothbay Harbor, Maine, but that was where he died.

In the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, he was the oldest child of six children born to Arthur and Louise. They lived in Richmond, Michigan. His father’s occupation was recorded as “Dealer Drugs”. A profile of Fuller said:

…Fuller was 16 [1906] when he sold his first cartoon to the old Life for $8. The next mail, he received a Life letter saying, sorry, they had al­ready used that joke and would he please send back the $8. He did. But he soon sold them an­other cartoon.

He attended the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, and while working as a staff artist for the Chicago Daily News, he got $100 for the first colored picture ever reproduced by Life. That sold him on the magazine market. He decided to come to New York.

Fuller has not been found in the 1910 census, but evidently he lived in or near New York City. The World Encyclopedia of Comics (1983) said:

…Fuller’s first work in a major market was a drawing sold to Life magazine in 1910. It was incredibly crude and out of place in that journal, but editor J.A. Mitchell obviously had a sixth sense about latent talent….

In short order Fuller was the most published cartoonist in American magazines. His panel cartoons filled the pages of Puck, Life and Judge, as well as Collier’s, Harper’s, and, later, Liberty, Ballyhoo, College Humor, and occasionally the New Yorker. His work was so popular that in the early 1920’s Judge devoted a standing feature—Fuller Humor—to his work, an honor afforded dew others.

A New York passenger list, at, recorded Fuller who returned from England on August 10, 1914. His address in New York City was 17 Livingston Place (Stuyvesant Square). He signed his World War I draft card on June 5, 1917. He and his wife lived in Brooklyn at 217 East 16th Street. His description was medium height, slender build, with hazel eyes and dark brown hair.

In the 1920 census, Fuller, his wife Alexa and year-and-a-half-old son Robert lived in Leonia, New Jersey at 170 Ames Avenue. His occupation was artist. He was recorded at the same address in the 1930 census and the family included daughter Elizabeth. His strip Oaky Doaks debuted on June 17, 1935. The Who’s Who in American Art entry had the New Jersey address, and his home address as West Boothbay Harbor, Maine.

He signed his World War II draft card on April 25, 1942. He lived at the same New Jersey address. He was self-employed and described as five feet eight-and-a-half inches tall, 145 pounds, gray eyes and hair.

Oaky Doaks ended its run in 1961. Fuller passed away on August 16, 1963, in Boothbay Harbor. The Omaha World-Herald (Nebraska) reported his death on August 17. Wikipedia said he died on August 17. He was survived by his wife and two children.

Ink-Slinger Profiles: Leslie Elton

Leslie Elton’s full name is Leslie Elton Brownley. He was born in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania on August 27, 1893, according to his World War I draft card. In the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, he was the oldest of three children born to William and Nina. They lived in Waverly, New York at 118 1/2 Providence Street. His father was a furniture polisher.

The 1910 census recorded W.B. McCaffery, Elton and his two sisters, Maud and Charlotte, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at 1611 Girard Avenue. The head of the household was McCaffery, a woman, with Elton and his sisters as her son and daughters. This was an error in the census. Perhaps the wrong name was given to the enumerator or maybe McCaffery belong to the preceding household but inadvertently replaced Nina Brownley. In any event, Nina was the head of the household and a widow caring for her three children, her father Frank, a widower, and his older sister Anna, an unmarried woman. Also, in the household were Hannah Bentley (misspelled “Bently” in the census) and her two sons Robert and Walter. According to the 1860 census, Frank had three younger brothers, William, John and Charles. From the census records, I believe Hannah married either John or Charles and one of them passed away before the 1910 census. Years later, Hannah and her sons would figure into Elton’s life. Frank passed away on May 26, 1911 according to the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Death Certificates Index at

Elton’s work appeared The Motion Picture Story Magazine.

May 1913

June 1913

The Moving Picture World reported Elton’s move to animation in its September 9, 1916 issue.

Leslie Elton, Cartoonist, Joins Paramount-Bray Forces.

Leslie Elton, the well-known cartoonist, who has contributed to the Philadelphia Record,Public Ledger, Motion Picture Magazine, Photoplay Journal and the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, has joined the forces at the Bray studio, and will contribute his comedy to the Paramount-Bray Animated Cartoons, the weekly animated cartoon released by the Paramount Pictures Corporation. The enlargement of the staff of cartoonists at the Bray Studio will enable the producers to give a great variety of subjects. Mr. Elton will work on variety of subjects.

In the book Before Mickey: The Animated Film, 1898-1928 (1993), Donald Crafton said, “…Elton, a newspaper sports cartoonist, joined in September 1916 and took over the ‘Heeza Liar’ series.” Elton drew himself inking at the drawing board in the November 1916,Cartoons Magazine.

Leslie Elton in His Cartoon Factory— Drawn by Himself
Mr. Elton, remembered for his work on the St. Louis and
Philadelphia papers, has joined the forces at the Bray studio,
and will contribute pen-and-ink comedies for the movies.

Elton signed his World War I draft card on June 5, 1917. He lived in Manhattan, New York City at 112 East 31 Street. He was a cartoonist at the Cameragraph Film Company, 140 West 44 Street, New York City. His description was medium height, slender build with gray eyes and brown hair. The Big Cartoon Database has a list of his work.

The 1920 census recorded him in Ridgefield Park, New Jersey at 112 Hobart Street. His mother was head of the household, which included her daughters and their husbands. Not only was Elton a motion picture cartoonist, but so were his brother-in-laws Vaughan Kaufman and John McManus. Both sisters were motion picture actresses. In 1920 he received a patent. For the Newspaper Enterprise Association Service he produced Jack Daw’s Adventures in 1922; the first eight weeks are here: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8.

According to the 1930 census, Elton married for the first time when he was 28 years old, either in 1921 or 1922. His wife was the aforementioned Hannah Bentley, who was born on March 31, 1879, according to the California Death Index. She was 14 years his senior and three years younger than his mother, who was born in 1876. He lived in the Bronx, New York at 3344 Fort Independence Street, with Hannah and step-daughter Charlotte, who was 19. (Back in 1910, Hannah was pregnant with Charlotte.) He was a freelance cartoonist. Living in the same building were Hannah’s sons Robert, a cartoonist for a film corporation, and Walter Bentley. (Robert was profiled at According to Animation: Who and Where.)

The date of Elton’s move to California is not known. Hannah passed away on June 3, 1964 and was followed by Elton on July 16, 1966, both in Los Angeles, according to the California Death Index at He was recorded twice in the index as Les Elton and Leslie Brownley. I believe his obituary was published in The Los Angeles Times on July 16. If anyone has ProQuest, please let us know of any additional information.

Ink-Slinger Profiles: Hal Coffman

Harold Roberto “Hal” Coffman was born in Los Angeles, California on January 3, 1883, according to his World War I draft card and passenger lists at He has not been found in the 1900 U.S. Federal Census. The Associated Press obituary was published in the Dallas Morning News (Texas) on September 1, 1958 and said:

…his first cartooning job was with the San Francisco Post in 1898. He was 15, and drew for $3 a week.

He also worked on the Los Angeles Herald and Los Angeles Times while still in his teens.
In 1906, he went to the Philadelphia Inquirer. He first gained fame when the San Francisco earthquake and fire struck
[April 18]. Coffman drew sketches for the Inquirer from memory of downtown San Francisco buildings. He filled in details of the ruin from the wire reports.

Philadelphia Inquirer, 4/20/1906

Philadelphia Inquirer, 4/26/1906

Philadelphia Inquirer, 8/23/1906

The date of his move to Boston is not known. During his time there, he drew The Wandering Goat Bolivar for the Boston Herald. In the 1910 census, he lived in Boston at 270 South Street, with his wife Charlease and three-year-old daughter Margaret, who was born in California. The couple had been married five years. He was a newspaper cartoonist. The date of his move to New York City has not been determined. He signed his World War I draft card on September 12, 1918. His home address was 1722 Caton Avenue, Brooklyn, New York. He was a cartoonist for W.R. Hearst. He was of medium height and build with brown eyes and hair. The Dallas Morning News said:

Before coming to the Star-Telegram, he was on the staff of Hearst’s New York Journal & American for 27 years.

While working temporarily at the Chicago Examiner, he caught the fancy of the late famed columnist, Arthur Brisbane, and Coffman became cartoonist for the full page Brisbane editorials that were featured in all Hearst Sunday papers.

Brisbane became editor of the Examiner in 1918 then in the 1920s moved to New York.

The 1920 census recorded Coffman in Brooklyn, New York at 1722 Caton Avenue. His occupation was newspaper cartoonist. Ten years later, he remained in Brooklyn but at 60 Clarkson Avenue, and continued as a newspaper cartoonist. His daughter’s occupation was recorded as artist. In the late 30s or early 40s, he moved to Fort Worth, Texas and continued cartooning. The Dallas Morning News said, “
For 16 years, Coffman’s cartoons were almost daily editorial page fare in the Star-Telegram. Failing health forced him to semi-retirement in 1955. His cartoons in the Star-Telegram have appeared only occasionally since then.”

He received a Freedoms Foundation award for his cartoon, “They Had Trouble, Too; Were Unafraid,” according to the Corpus Christi Times (Texas), February 22, 1955. Coffman passed away on August 31, 1958, in Fort Worth, as reported by the Dallas Morning News. He was survived by his wife, daughter and granddaughter.

Ink-Slinger Profiles: Sylvia Sneidman

Sylvia Sneidman was born in Maryland on November 16, 1909, according to a 1931 passenger list at In the 1910 U.S. Federal Census, she was the youngest of two daughters born to Maurice and Rose. They lived in Baltimore, Maryland at 2820 Parkwood Avenue. Her father was a traveling salesman. In 1920 they lived in Newport News, Virginia at 76 33rd Street. The Sneidmans moved again, to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania at 5821 Phillips Avenue, according to the 1930 census. The Sun (Baltimore, Maryland) reported, on July 10, 1931, that Maryland Institute students, including Sylvia, had reached Europe‎. She returned from the trip on August 14, 1931, in New York City, as recorded on a passenger list.

She found work at the Pittsburgh Press. The June 20, 1934 Press published her fashion drawings. The Star (Wilmington, Delaware) published her illustration for a serial story on May 12, 1935. Flapper Fanny Says was revamped and retitled, Flapper Fanny (above), with Sylvia, beginning on December 8, 1935.

Her marriage was reported in the Press on April 17, 1937.

Former Pittsburgh Artist Weds in East

Mr. and Mrs. Maurice Sneidman, of Shady Ave., have announced the marriage of their daughter, Miss Sylvia Sneidman, to Dr. Sidney Robbin, son of Mr. and Mrs. Robbin of New York City. The ceremony took place yesterday in New York, where the couple will reside.

The bride is a graduate of the Maryland Institute of Art, where she was winner of a traveling scholarship on which she toured Europe. Formerly a member of the art staff of The Pittsburgh Press, she is now an artist for Newspaper Enterprise Association, handling fashion drawings and such features as “Flapper Fanny,” used daily in The Press and other newspapers. Dr. Robbin is a graduate of Johns Hopkins University.

At some point she switched to the Associated Press. One of her fashion drawings was printed in the Evening Leader (Corning, NY) on July 3, 1946. She produced How Christmas Began for the AP. Sylvia was featured in an AP series of do-it-yourself projects. The December 20, 1953 Lewiston Morning Tribune (Idaho) showed how she used tiles to decorate a table top. The March 22, 1959 News and Tribune (Jefferson City, Missouri) featured her drawing of a table and various stools made of driftwood and stone. (Newspaper Archive download)

Sylvia passed away in January 1989 according to the Social Security Index.

News of Yore: Henry McCarn

Henry McCarn Will Draw Cartoons For The Dispatch

The Dispatch (Lexington, North Carolina), 11/26/1963

Editorial cartoons of particular interest in North Carolina and the South will be published regularly in The Dispatch, through arrangements with Henry McCarn of Charlotte. He is the operator of “State Cartoon Service” and his work has brought honors to the newspapers he serves and to himself.

McCarn developed the cartoon service while he was assistant manager of Belk’s, in downtown Charlotte. He sketches political and newsworthy events for editorial pages, designed to meet the needs of North Carolina editors and publishers.

“Editorial cartooning is a tremendous responsibility,” McCarn says. Keeping up with news developments, he spends many hours reading newspapers and magazines and listening to newscasts.

He draws with a happy combination of newsworthy ideas and unmistakeable evidence of deep conviction, plus delightful humor. “A cartoonist should be a good reporter, illustrating history in the making,” he says. “A cartoonist’s work is tied in with the stuff of life—politics, the needs, successes, joys and sorrows of people.”

Some of his cartoons have appeared in “Editor and Publisher” and in a number of other publications in addition to the newspapers he serves. In 1954 the Julius Mathews Newspaper Service of New York honored him with an award for his editorial cartoon on the cancer crusade, which appeared in the Raleigh News and Observer.

Mr. and Mrs. McCarn live at their country home known affectionately as “Pine Acres”. His studio is located at 428 Hawthorne Lane in Charlotte. The McCarns are members of Hawthorne Lane Methodist Church, where Henry, is close associated with the church school activities, and has a deep sense of Christian responsibility, and says: “With the help of God my best cartoons are in the future.” They have two sons, Ural and Robert Gabriel. Ural lives in San Fernando, California. Robert lives in Charlotte. Mr. and Mrs. McCarn have three grandchildren.

[A photo and an editorial cartoon are here. Henry McCarn was born in Belmont, North Carolina, on March 13, 1904, according to the North Carolina Birth Index and his World War II draft card at In the 1910 U.S. Federal Census, he was the sixth of seven children born to Jacob and Laura. They lived in South Point in Belmont, North Carolina. His father was a picker at a cotton mill. In the 1920 census the family remained in South Point.

Ten years later, McCarn, an older brother and parents lived in Belmont at 57 First Street. He was a warper at a cotton mill. Information about his art training has not been found. Hill’s Charlotte City Directory 1938 had a listing for him: “McCarn Henry (Myrtis G) artist Charlotte Engraving Co r Mount Holly”. The date of his marriage to Myrtis is not known. His panel, Carolina Hall of History, appeared in 1938, and was recorded in the Catalog of Copyright Entries, Part 1, Group 2, Pamphlets, Etc., 1938 New Series, Volume 35, Number 11.

He signed his World War II draft card on February 16, 1942. He worked at the Knit Products Corporation in Belmont. He was five feet five-and-a-half inches tall and weighed 118 pounds. He had blue eyes and brown hair. In the 1944 directory, he worked for in the advertising department of the Ed Mellon Company. According to the 1945-46 directory, he remained at the same company and resided at 428 Hawthorne Lane. McCarn passed away May 23, 1981 in Charlotte, according to the North Carolina Death Collection at]

Ink-Slinger Profiles: Hank Barrow

Henry Clark “Hank” Barrow was born in Louisiana either in 1905 or 1906. In the 1910 U.S. Federal Census, he was the second of four sons born to Charles and Hermine. They lived in New Orleans, Louisiana at 4850 Constance Street. His father was a salesman.

In 1920 the family of seven remained in New Orleans at a different address, 4854 Magazine Street. Information about Barrow’s education and art training has not been found. Ten years later Barrow still lived with his parents in New Orleans, a few blocks away from their previous address, at 5357 Magazine Street. His occupation was newspaper artist. In the early 1930s he illustrated the serialized story, “Santa and the White Rose.” In the mid-1930s he took over Milton Caniff’s panel The Gay Thirties. The Times-Picayune (New Orleans) published this article on April 24, 1939.

Henry Barrow, Ex-New Orleans Cartoonist, Weds

Henry Clark Barrow, former cartoonist for The Times-Picayune who now draws the daily comic panel “The Gay Thirties” for the Associated Press features service, was married to Miss Katherine Lord Eyerly in New York Saturday [April 22].

Mr. Barrow is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Barrow of New Orleans. The bride is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Kendall Eyerly of Hagerstown, Md.

The bride, wearing navy blue and a white flowered hat, was attended by a sister, Miss Margery Eyerly, and was given in marriage by her father. The best man was Charles A. Grumich, night city editor of The Associated Press in New York.

The wedding was followed by a large reception at the Fifth Avenue hotel.

In the early 1940s, Barrow produced the strip Things to Come.

Heritage Auctions
On April 18, 1946 the Daily Mail (Hagerstown, Maryland) reported the following.

Cartoonist Known Here Is Featured

“Hank” Barrow, famous Associated Press editorial cartoonist, is the subject of a feature article in the latest issue of “AP World,” a special publication for AP members and staffs.

Mr. Barrow’s wife is the former Miss Katherine Eyerly, daughter of Elmer K. Eyerly, this city.

The article is illustrated, and describes how Barrow conceives his cartoons. One of Mr. and Mrs. Barrow’s two sons shows sign of having inherited the artistic talent, the account states.

Barrow draws the cartoons which appear daily on the editorial page of the Daily Mail.

Barrow’s talent was recognized by his peers, and was reported in The Gazette and Bulletin (Williamsport, Pennsylvania) on March 20, 1947.

Honor Hank Barrow and Rube Goldberg

New York (AP)—Henry (Hank) Barrow of the Associated Press and Reuben (Rube) L. Goldeberg of the New York Sun were presented bronze medals and plaques Tuesday by Sigma Delta Chi, national journalism fraternity, for distinguished service in editorial cartooning.

The awards were presented by Julien Elfenbein, president of the local chapter, in behalf of the national headquarters of the fraternity at a gathering of members of the New York professional chapter of Sigma Delta Chi and theta Sigma Phi, national journalism sorority.

Barrow was the first press association cartoonist ever to win the award. Goldberg received his award for an editorial cartoon titled “It Must Be a Leak.”

Abilene Reporter News (Texas) 3/27/1947
In 1949 Barrow joined the staff of the World-Herald (Omaha, Nebraska); his first editorial cartoon was published on August 9, 1949. His cartooning past was mentioned on January 25, 1953.

…A 30-year veteran of the drawing board, he began his career with the New Orleans, La., Item. He also was staff artist on the New Orleans Times-Picayune before joining the Associated Press in New York in 1934.

During the 1930s Mr. Barrow did a one-panel cartoon, appropriately entitled “The Gay Thirties.” The cartoon was distributed to many newspapers by the Associated Press. It was much like The World-Herald‘s comic, “Out Our Way” cartoon, usually featuring children’s antics.

Its death, said Mr. Barrow, was in its title….

His work day was described on October 13, 1964 in the World-Herald.

A National Newspaper Week Profile: Admirers of the World-Herald cartoonist Henry Barrow are forever asking where he gets all his ideas.

They’d really be impressed of they knew that Hank works up at least three ideas for every cartoon that gets into the paper.

The Barrow work day begins at about 8:15 when he arrives at the office and begins a casual reading of the morning paper. By 11:30 a.m. he has completed rough drawings for three suggested cartoons.

Editor Walter Christenson takes a look at the suggestions and picks the one he likes. Hank applies the finishing touches to that one for his 1:30 engraving deadline.

The New Orleans-born cartoonist has followed that general routine throughout his journalistic career, including a 15-year stint in New York when he drew a daily cartoon for the Associated Press. His fertile imagination was on a 4-for-1 schedule then, too, and sometimes 5-for-1.

More than 150 papers used the Barrow cartoons regularly. But he quit the A.P. in 1949 to join The World-Herald because he wanted a chance to take a stand on controversial issues.

It was tough trying to function under the A.P.’s anemic impartiality codes, he said. What was the point of being an editorial cartoonist if you couldn’t express an editorial opinion? With the A.P., he had found himself dealing with an endless chain of non-controversial subjects, such as coming of spring, motherhood and the arrival of the baseball season.

Barrow retired from the World-Herald on August 1, 1971. Executive Editor Louis G. Gerdes wrote, “Unlike some cartoonists, Henry Barrow was extremely generous in passing out originals of his more than 6,000 drawings that appeared during his nearly 22 years with The World-Herald….” On page ten was a selection of his best cartoons.
World-Herald 9/1/1971
Barrow passed away on September 1, 1985. On September 4 the Orlando Sentinel (Florida) published the following.

Henry “Hank” Barrow, 79, a former cartoonist for the Omaha World-Herald and The Associated Press, died Sunday.

Barrow retired from the World-Herald in 1971 after drawing more than 6,000 cartoons for the newspaper.

He joined the World-Herald in 1949 after 15 years with the AP in New York.

On the same day, the Chicago Tribune (Illinois) said he “died at age 79 after suffering a stroke, his family said.”

Ink-Slinger Profiles: Mark Fenderson

Marcus Mitchell “Mark” Fenderson was born in Monticello, Minnesota, on August 1, 1863, according to a 1904 passport application (see photo) at His middle name was his mother’s maiden name; according to Historic Homes and Places and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of Middlesex County, Massachusetts (1908), “…Myra Abby [Mitchell], born 1833: married Reuben Fenderson, of Wilton, Maine”. In the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, he was their only child; they lived in Farmington, Maine. His father was a retail grocer. The New York Times obituary, December 7, 1944, said, “…His father died when he was a small boy, and his mother sent him to her brother’s school at Billerica, Mass., for his preparatory training. His uncle, noticing the youngster’s artistic bent, encourage him to take up art, and he eventually studied in France and Italy. He began his career as a newspaper illustrator of news events.” He has not been found in the 1880 census.

The Lewiston Evening Journal (Maine) noted, on July 22, 1893, that, “Mr. Mark Fenderson, who has been visiting Farmington, returned on Friday to New York, where he is employed as one of the artists on the The Recorder.” A 1911 issue (from July to December) of Life magazine interviewed him; excerpts below:

“Mr. Fenderson, we desire to know where you were born.”

“In Minnesota.”

“And when did you first become an artist?” Mr. Fenderson was plainly embarrassed by this question, so we altered it in accordance with nature.

“I believe not. I just came up quite naturally. After being born in Minnesota I lived in Maine, and after arriving at the tea stage in my career found myself as far West as Chicago. It was then that I began to draw pictures.”

“And what were they like?”

“I wouldn’t dare tell you explicitly. It is sufficient to say that they came under the head of cartoons. I suppose I must have grown tired of Chicago, and so I found myself drifting East, and in the course of time I sought Pittsburg as a haven of refuge.”

“And there?”

“I continued to draw cartoons for the papers for some three years. Then once more the spirit beckoned.”

“And you came—?”

“To New York—”

“And to Life. Yes. I haven’t yet recovered from the crisis of having my first picture in Life.”

“…And now that we have you regularly installed as one of our best contributors, can you not tell us something more about yourself? You are too modest, and not explicit enough.”

Mr. Fenderson smiled.

“I can tell you of a thing that once happened to me, which it seems to me worth while recording. One day when I was a boy I called in Boston upon F.G. Attwood.”

“You mean the Life artist who used to delight as many of our readers.”

“Yes. Even at that time I had artistic aspirations, and I asked Mr. Attwood if he thought it paid to be an artist.”

“And what was his reply?”

“He said: ‘My boy, it is the only thing that pays, whether you get any money or not.’ And I have been thinking of that ever since.”

In the 1900 census, he lived in Manhattan, New York City at 54 Union Square. He had been married six years to Anna, who was not counted. The year of his birth was recorded as 1862. He drew the strip Mannikinland for the New York World beginning April 1900. According to a passport application, the couple traveled out of the country in September 1904; the destination was not stated. His address was 52 Union Square. In December 1904 he produced The Baby for McClure.

He lived in Manhattan at 2 West 18th Street, according to the 1910 census. He was a magazine illustrator and Annie was an artist. The American Art Directory, Volume 10 (1913) listed the couple at “4 West 18th St., New York, N.Y.” In American Art Annual Volume 12 (1915) their address was “144 West 23d St., New York, N.Y.”

He has not been found in the 1920 census. The New-York Tribune covered the Society of Illustrators “Playtime” exhibition on May 13, 1922: “The exhibits…consists of paintings, drawings, wood carvings, masks and trinkets made by the illustrators in the spirit of diversion from the beaten track of their profession….Mark Fenderson makes a specialty of collecting tin cans which he warps into clever candle holders for the sake of amusement…” He contributed drawings to the 1924 book The Life Story of an Ugly Duckling by Marie Dressler. The American Art Annual Volume 22 (1925) listed his address as “144 West 23d St., New York.”

The 1930 census listed Fenderson in Hastings on Hudson, New York at 423 Farragut Avenue. He was a college teacher and his wife made miniature paintings. The New York Times said he was an art instructor at the Townsend Harris High School in New York. A Richmond Times-Dispatch article, dated February 16, 1930, reported his artistic development in wood carving.

When a famous wood carver gave a discarded work bench and some tools to his friend, Mark Fenderson, a few years ago, neither of them had any thought that from it would spring one of those developments that give to art its perpetual youth and freshness. Fenderson certainly did not want to be a carver. He admired good carving, but saw it as a craft rather than an art. That he took it up at all was more to stop his friend’s nagging than from desire, and there was no reason for any one—even Fenderson himself—to suppose that anything would come of it: he has been more surprised than any one else to find that it could be a rare medium for artistic expression….

Fenderson’s point of view was of something totally different. Essentially an artist and illustrator, he is a skilled draftsman with an unusual feeling for perspective and proportion. With a complete disregard for the hoary traditions of wood carving, he considered its possibilities as a medium for the art that he knew. With wood as paper and tools for a pencil he took it up avidly, but with no idea of all that was to be learned: the preparation of the wood, the use of various tools, and the technique of getting on wood the effects that were in his mind.

Needing surfaces to decorate he built furniture of his own design; first chests, then tables, chairs, a bed, a desk, a desk-easel for Mrs. Fenderson’s miniature painting—all for the furnishing of his studio and apartment. With each piece there came greater facility in the use of tools, more insight into the possibilities of the medium, and a distinct advance over those that had gone before….

The New York Times said he retired from the staff of Townsend Harris High School in 1941. Fenderson passed away on December 7, 1944, in Dobbs Ferry, New York. His death was reported in the Times and Herald Statesman (Yonkers, New York), and both said he was 71. The Hartford Courant (Connecticut) gave his age as 73, while the Associated Press reported it as 79. He was 81, based on his passport application. The reports of his death mentioned his best-known and widely distributed cartoon of a sad rooster leaning against the coop, “The Dejected Rooster”.

A color print adaptation of Fenderson’s cartoon was advertised in
numerous periodicals such as Country Life, Current Opinion and Life.

The Lewiston Evening Journal Magazine, February 10, 1945, profiled Fenderson.

Ink-Slinger Profiles: Zeke Zekley

Emil Samuel “Zeke” Zekley was born in Chicago, Illinois on February 11, 1915, according to the Cook County, Illinois, Birth Certificates Index, 1871-1922 at His family name was Szekely, and his middle name was spelled “Samuell”. His father’s name was Alex and his mother’s name and maiden name was Mary Herz.

In the 1920 U.S. Federal Census, the family of four lived in Detroit, Michigan at 336 Goodwin. The enumerator spelled the family as “Zekely “. The parents were Hungarian emigrants; Alex arrived in 1913, then Mary in 1914. Their youngest son was Fred, who was born in Michigan. The father was a machinist in the auto industry.

The family was recorded in Detroit at 1994 Clements Street, in the 1930 census. The family name was spelled “Szkly”. Zekley’s father was a plumber.
On the National Cartoonists Society (NCS) website, Zekley said:

I landed my first job at 18; cartoonist for the Detroit Mirror—which folded—a victim of the Depression—freelanced—a ginger-ale client plastered my cartoons on billboards, street-cars, buses and newspapers. I prospered for a while, but in 1935, the itch to exit Detroit got to me…New York? Hollywood? Came west! Disney gave me a tryout in their story dep’t.—Two weeks later, the studio was shut down for the summer! Broke and out of work, I met Charlie McManus—he gave me intro to famous brother, George. I became his assistant!…

Bringing Up Father signed by McManus and Zekley, 7/5/1942

Zekley mentioned in Bringing Up Father, 1/16/1944

Bringing Up Father: From Sea to Shining Sea (2009) had this account about Zekley:

McManus, ever the storyteller, used his 1952 Collier’s article to serve up his own embellishment on Zeke’s early years: “My assistant, Zeke Zekley…says he began to draw because of a picture in a Detroit paper. It showed a yacht riding anchor at the Saint Clair River and the caption described it as the yacht of ‘George McManus, the cartoonist.’ Zeke says he figured if cartoonists could own yachts like that, cartooning was the life for him. So he began to draw, imitating my style.” After recounting the chance encounter between Zeke and brother Charlie, McManus served up this capper: “[Charlie] brought Zeke to me and I hired him. “But I never owned a yacht.”

The California Death Index said his parents and brother passed away in Los Angeles. It’s not clear if the family had moved together or if Zekley went first and the family followed.

On February 5, 1942 his father passed away. Zekley enlisted in the army on May 6, 1943; he had a year of college and was married. On the NCS website, Zekley said, “…WWII; in army, but luckily stationed nearby—was able to work on B.U.F., as well as cartoons for the military—1944, now collaborator!…”

McManus passed away on October 22, 1954, and Zekley was passed over to continue Bringing Up Father. King Features assigned the strip to Vernon Greene, according to Bringing Up Father: From Sea to Shining Sea. Zekley’s mother passed away April 27, 1957.

On the NCS website, Zekley said, “…created Dud Dudley for McNaught—it didn’t fly—later, Peachy Keen and Popsie. I still had Sponsored Comics (McDonalds—Squirrel’s Club (10 yrs.), U.S. Army’s P.S. magazine—others—produced animated TV spots in partnership with Friz Freleng—many awards—Hobbies: collecting fine art and golf!

His brother passed away in November 1985. Zekley passed away April 28, 2005, at his home in Beverly Hills, California. His death was reported on the Animation World Network website.